Jul 282016
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Theresa Weidner

JUnQ, 6, 2, XXVII–XXVIII, 2016

A Commentary on “Most People are not WEIRD” by Joseph Henrich et al., Nature (2010)

Prof. Joseph Henrich is an anthropologist at the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University, Cambridge, USA. His focus is on evolutionary approaches to psychology, decision-making and culture. Together with his colleagues Stephen J. Heine and Ara Norenzayan at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, CA, he was the first to point out that, in economics, psychology and cognitive science, conclusions are generally drawn from study participants with the same background: Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic (WEIRD). In addition, primarily students form the majority of test subjects. Still, researchers – often unintentionally – claim that their findings apply to everybody.

Read the full article here: The Use of the Term “People” in Research

Jul 282016
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Kai Litzius

JUnQ, 6, 2, XXV–XXVI, 2016

Open access sharing contributes nowadays a major part to the publication process in many different scientific disciplines. One could think it is an invention of modern time, however, the idea to make data and literature widely available is quite old: Libraries.

Read the full article here: A Quick Word on Open Access Sharing

Jul 282016
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Dear Reader,

Even though I was a member of this editorial board for almost five years, I never wrote the editorial of an issue. Since I finished my university education and will soon start my industrial career, forcing me to leave JUnQ, it is my pleasure to write it for the current issue.

The feature topic this time deals with a problem, which has been in the press a lot lately: Misuse of Statistics.

Read the whole Editorial Note by Andreas Neidlinger.

Jul 252016
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Dear Readers,

We are delighted to bring to you the 12th issue of JUnQ. This time round, the central theme deals with Statistics in Science and what it entails and how can it be misused. We held insightful interviews with few of the best experts in Statistics and we present their views about the current era where mis-interpretations of data abound. It is heartening to see that the publication of negative or null results still is important for many in science. We have an article on Pretreatment of Steel and Zinc surfaces that highlights such details. Also in the days ahead, open access will be the norm and we present an excellent commentary on it.

We hope you feel excited about our newest issue of JUnQ!

— Soham Roy on behalf of the editorial board

Download JUnQ Volume 6 Issue 2

Apr 142016
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M. Dornbusch, T. Biehler, M. Conrad, A. Greiwe, D. Momper, L. Schmidt, M. Wiedow

University of Applied Sciences, Adlerstraße 32, 47798 Krefeld, Germany

Received 12.06.2015, accepted 29.02.2016, published 14.04.2016

JUnQ, 6, 2, 1–7, 2016

The formation of a conversion layer for corrosion protection based on phytic acid (PA) solutions is described several times in the literature. The promising results induced us to verify the performance of PA based conversion layers as pre-treatment for organic coatings. The spectroscopic and optical analysis with infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy of the generated layer strengthened the hypothesis of a corrosion protective layer. Furthermore, the electrochemical analysis with cyclic voltammetry supported it but the results of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy provided a first hint of an instable layer. Unfortunately, all kinds of tested conversion layers based on PA with and without a combination with molybdate increased the delamination of an applied coating and accelerated the corrosion process in the salt spray test. Therefore, all investigated PA based conversion layers are not suitable as pre-treatments for organic coatings.

Download the article here: [download id=”118″]

Jan 222016
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Klaus Roth is an emeritus professor at the Freie Universitaet Berlin. He studied chemistry at the Freie Universitaet Berlin from 1964 – 1969 and completed his dissertation at the same university in 1973. After a post-doctoral stay at the Institute for Medical Research in Mill Hill, London from 1979 – 1980, he completed his habilitation at the Freie Universitaet Berlin in 1981. Between 1986 – 1988, he held a position as visiting professor at the University of California in San Francisco, after which he returned to his home university as extraordinary professor and became full professor in 2000. During his research career, he dealt with many aspects of NMR spectroscopy and also popular science such as the chemistry behind licorice sweets, balloons, and la fee verte. Furthermore, he is interested in the Ig Nobel Prize, a scientific award similar to the “regular” Nobel Prize but somewhat more peculiar. In this interview, he gives an insight into this alternative award.

Find the Interview here: How to Win an (Ig)-Nobel Prize

Jan 222016
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Andreas Mueller

JUnQ, 6, 1, IV – VI, 2016

Today, we find modern technologies everywhere in our daily life: computers, smart phones, navigation systems, wearables, high-tech medicine. Usually, they did not come by chance. These technologies are a result of fundamental research and breakthroughs and were developed by scientists, engineers and clever inventors.

Read the full article here: Do We Need Fundamental Research?

Jan 212016
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Theresa Lueckner

JUnQ, 6, 1, XV–XVI, 2016

When relating light to biology, the first thing that pops into one’s mind is photosynthesis. The sunlight shines onto the leaves, photons excite the light-sensitive molecule chlorophyll and with the use of several cascades, nature produces carbohydrates and oxygen out of carbon dioxide and water. The usage of light is the fundament of eukaryotic life on earth and there is only little life that can exist without it.

Read the full article here: Light in Biology

Jan 212016
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The Leibniz Association was founded in 1995 after a fusion of institutions of the Western German association “Blaue Liste” and other research institutions of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR). It was named after the German polymath Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 – 1716). The association is particularly known in the eastern parts of Germany, being the biggest research association there. Interestingly, the Leibniz Association even patronizes several museums and the most commonly known are the Senckenberg institution in Frankfurt a. M. and Deutsches Museum in Munich. We spoke with Christoph Herbort-von Loeper who is deputy press officer of the Leibniz Association.

Find the Interview here: With the Leibniz Association

Jan 212016
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The International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies (IYL2015) was a global event in 2015 to increase the public interest and knowledge regarding optical technologies and research. Prof. Joe Niemela is the Global Coordinator from the IYL Secretariat and was responsible for the coordination of all activities.

Find the Interview here: International Year of Light 2015